Overview of Oil & Gas in the Sub-Saharan Africa Region

Sub-Saharan Africa in Perspective

Sub-Saharan Africa
map depicting the
relative size of
Africa

~27 000 000
square
kilometres

 

      

 

 

 

 

Sub-Saharan Africa is a vast region of approximately 27 000 square kilometers. Geographically, it is the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara Desert. Politically, it consists of all African countries that are fully or partially located south of the Sahara (excluding Sudan).

Sub-Saharan Africa Oil & Gas Potential

This region in Africa currently accounts for a relatively small percentage of world production and reserves for oil and gas.  As at January 2014, Sub-Saharan Africa's share of world oil production and oil reserves was 6.52% and 4.26% respectively, and the share of gas production and reserves was 3.19% and 3.28% respectively.

 

  Production / Reserves Share of World

Oil Production (barrel per day)

5 709 471 6.52%

Proven Oil Reserves (million barrels)

63 118 4.26%

Gas Production (cubic metres per year)

107 024 000 000 3.19%

Proven Natural Gas Reserves (cubic metres)

6 142 911 260 000 3.28%

 

However, these production and reserve numbers are expected to grow significantly as the vast continent remains one of the last exploration frontiers for oil and gas, as evidenced by the exploration activity by upstream exploration companies and significant oil and gas discoveries in the region.

Sub-Saharan Africa by Oil & Gas Numbers

Sub-Saharan Africa Oil Production (source: Wikipedia.com) - January 2014

World Rank Country Production
(barrel/day)
Share of World Production
13 Nigeria 2 525 000 2.62%
16 Angola 1 840 000 2.31%
35 Equatorial Guinea 346 000 0.41%
39 Congo (Republic) 274 400 0.33%
41 Gabon 241 700 0.29%
43 South Africa 191 000 0.22%
56 Cameroon 77 310 0.09%
60 Cote diIvoire 58 950 0.07%
77 Congo (DRC) 16 360 0.02%
87 Ghana 7 081 0.01%
109 Zambia 160 0.00%
Total Sub-Saharan Africa 5 709 471 6.52%

 

 

Sub-Saharan Africa Proven Oil Reserves (source: Wikipedia.com) - January 2014

World Rank Country Reserves
(MMbbl
= 1 million barrels)
Share of World Production
10 Nigeria 37 200 2.51%
18 Angola 10 470 0.71%
26 Ghana 5 000 0.34%
31 Gabon 3 700 0.25%
37 Congo (Republic) 1 940 0.13%
38 Equatorial Guinea 1 705 0.13%
40 Chad 1 500 0.10%
44 Uganda 1 000 0.07%
59 Cameroon 200 0.01%
62 Congo (DRC) 180 0.01%
71 Ivory Coast 100 0.01%
72 Mauritania 100 0.01%
86 South Africa 15 0.001%
91 Benin 8 0.001%
99 Ethipia 0.4 0.000%
Total Sub-Saharan Africa 63 118 4.26%                  

 

 

Sub-Saharan Africa Gas Production (source: Wikipedia.com) - January 2014

World Rank Country Gas Production
(cubic metres per year)
Share of World Production
9 Nigeria 92 000 000 000 2,74%
47 Equatorial Guinea 6 740 000 000 0.20%
52 Mozambique 3 120 000 000 0.09%
59 Cote d'Ivoire 1 600 000 000 0.05%
63 South Africa 970 000 000 0.03%
64 Congo (DRC) 930 000 000 0.03%
65 Tanzania 780 000 000 0.02%
67 Angola 734 000 000 0.02%
79 Gabon 80 000 000 0.002%
82 Senegal 50 000 000 0.001%
87 Cameroon 20 000 000 0.001%
Total Sub-Saharan Africa 107 024 000 000 3.19%

 

Sub-Saharan Africa Proven Natural Gas Reserves (source: Wikipedia.com) - January 2014

World Rank Country Reserves
(cubic metres)
Share of World Production
8 Nigeria 5 246 000 000 000 2.80%
42 Angola 271 800 000 000 0.15%
50 Cameroon 135 100 000 000 0.07%
51 Mozambique 127 400 000 000 0.07%
56 Congo (Republic) 90 610 000 000 0.05%
61 Namibia 62 290 000 000 0.03%
63 Rwanda 56 630 000 000 0.03%
67 Equatorial Guinea 36 810 000 000 0.02%
70 Cote d'Ivoire 28 320 000 000 0.02%
71 Mauritania 28 320 000 000 0.02%
72 Gabon 28 320 000 000 0.02%
75 Ghana 22 650 000 000 0.012%
83 Tanzania 6 510 000 000 0.003%
96 Benin 1 133 000 000 0.001%
97 Congo (DRC) 991 100 000 0.001%
100 South Africa 453 068 800 0.0002%
Total Sub-Saharan Africa 6 143 337 168 800 3.28%